A&K Global Health Blog

Have you heard about Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)?

Apr 12, 2017 / A&K Global Health

What is a Ventricular Septal Defect (VSD)?

A VSD is a hole in the wall that separates the two lower chambers, called ventricles, of the heart. A VSD is one of the most common congenital (that is, seen from birth) cardiac defects, and can occur either by itself or in combination with other congenital defects.

What causes VSD?

The exact cause of VSD is not known. Early in pregnancy, a baby’s heart ventricles are not separated; it is as the baby grows in the mother’s womb that a septum (or wall) is formed to divide the ventricles. When the formation of this septum is incomplete, VSD results.

In most children, VSD is associated with a genetic disorder like Down’s syndrome. VSD is rare in adults, but if present it is serious, and may occur after a heart attack.

What are the symptoms?

Children with small defects may not have any symptoms. However, if the defect is large, the following symptoms may be observed:

What medical tests help diagnose VSD?

What is the treatment?

When should I consult my doctor?

Have questions? Have a disease, treatment, or medical topic you’d like to learn about? Comment on this post to let us know.


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